Frequent urination, specifically in men, is caused by a variety of factors. Those causes particularly prevalent in males include an overactive bladder (OAB), diabetes, urethral stricture, prostatitis, and benign prostatic hyperplasia. So how common is frequent urination in men?
Frequent urination corresponding to an overactive bladder, or OAB, is caused by involuntary contractions of the bladder, affecting over 33 million Americans (both men and women in comparable measure).
Diabetes, both types 1 and 2, is another cause of frequent urination; however, proper disease management helps to alleviate those symptoms.
Urethral stricture is caused by internal scarring that restricts the flow of urine from the bladder. Often causing urinary tract infections, urethral stricture also produces frequent or urgent urination, and typically affects males due to their having a longer urethra than females.
Prostatitis is a totally male-specific cause of frequent urination and results from the swelling and inflammation of the prostate gland, which sits directly below the bladder. With the prostate gland swollen or inflamed, bladder functionality is negatively impacted, often causing strained or painful urination.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia is another form of prostate gland enlargement but generally affects older men. The enlarged prostate gland obstructs the flow of urine from the bladder to the urethra.
The first step in treating frequent urination is to diagnose its underlying causes by consulting a doctor. Once properly diagnosed, the doctor then recommends treatment options appropriate to the patient.
Prostate-related frequent urination treatment options may include medication or surgery.
Diabetes-related frequent urination issues can be largely mitigated by carefully managing blood sugar levels.
OAB-related frequent urination can be treated in a number of ways, which should be chosen in conjunction with doctor recommendations. These include behavioral strategies and exercise therapies—such as Kegel exercises (which strengthen the pelvic floor)—monitoring and managing fluid intake, imposing dietary restrictions, and retraining the bladder by resisting the urge to visit the washroom for small periods of time.
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