Hemophilia is a highly uncommon blood disorder in which a lack or malfunctioning of clotting factors (proteins) inhibits the stoppage of bleeding. The large majority of those diagnosed with the disorder are genetically predisposed, with most those being males.
Those suffering from hemophilia may experience spontaneous or prolonged bleeding and bruising, both internal and external. Several potentially life-threatening complications can result from the disorder.
The disorder varies in type and severity, each dependent upon the kind of abnormality inherited in the hemophilia gene. The disorder is passed down through the recessive gene, usually from an asymptomatic mother to her son. Although the vast majority of cases occur in males, if the gene is carried by both the mother and father, then there is a possibility for the daughter to also inherit the gene.
Symptoms normally appear early in life, though there are less severe forms of the disorder which produce symptoms only later while in adulthood.
Symptoms evident in infancy include excessive bleeding following the cutting of the umbilical cord, prolonged bleeding during circumcision, and large-sized bruising or mucous membrane bleeding after vaccination shots.
Other symptoms in children may include unexplained and frequent nosebleeds and prolonged bleeding following dental work.
Although there is no cure, symptoms can be managed and minimized by avoiding physically risky activities, as well as by administering injections of clotting factors
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