Medical innovations in the treatment of type 1 diabetes have allowed those affected to minimize the effects of the disease while leading normal, healthy lives. The type 1 form of diabetes, which involves the body not producing enough insulin, means patients experience higher-than-normal blood sugar levels (known as hyperglycemia). So how does one go about treating type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, has been attributed to several causes, including family medical history and certain environmental factors. Although no known cure exists as of yet, there are several ways a patient may treat the disease, minimize its symptoms, and slow down its progress.
The treatment of type 1 diabetes may include special diets, regular exercise, and, most commonly, insulin supplementation. Treatment strategies vary from patient to patient and are carefully chosen by working with a physician.
Those diagnosed with type 1 diabetes normally begin treatment by supplementing insulin through injection. Shortly after diagnosis, a doctor works closely with the patient to monitor blood sugar levels and other variances to determine which kind of insulin is best suited for that patient’s specific case.
In addition to supplemental insulin, type 1 diabetics usually have special dietary restrictions, such as a low carbohydrate intake, and are encouraged to exercise regularly. Both diet and exercise work to minimize symptoms, as well as allowing the body to better regulate the insulin it receives.
Unhealthy lifestyle habits such as smoking and consuming alcohol should be stopped entirely. The patient should also meet with their doctor for regular follow-ups not only to check in with blood sugar levels and insulin replacement doses, but to screen for complications in blood vessels, nerves, and vital organs.
A family doctor is normally suitable for looking at the overall aspects of the type 1 diabetes. Though, depending on the stage and severity of the disease, specialists may be required. Complications in the extremities, for instance, would usually require a podiatrist. Similarly, ophthalmologists and ENT specialists may also be required to prevent or treat complications.
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